Published in 1996, long before "basic" became an insult, Cindy Crawford's Basic Face is a "makeup workbook" co-authored by Crawford, makeup artist Sonia Kashuk, and Kathleen Boyes. "What's a basic face? A five-minute confidence builder," the introduction explains. "It's how we all wish we looked when we woke up. Simple, finished--but not looking as though you tried too hard. The basic face appears natural. Other women may know you're wearing makeup, but guys probably won't. A basic face is like a white shirt or a black turtleneck. It's the best possible base you can have."
I came to pop-cultural awareness circa 1999, a few years after the all-natural look had given way to futuristic iridescence. I have a theory that our greatest fear, makeup- and fashion-wise, is the era that immediately preceded our own preteen years. For me, that era was the mid-'90s. For years and years, I avoided brown-based lip or cheek colors for fear that I would look "too '90s." Finding Cindy Crawford's Basic Face at the bookstore was my first step toward conquering my aversion. It was just so fascinating to read through a compendium of beauty advice from an era I barely remembered. That is, I remember many things that happened to me in 1996, but I wasn't part of the overall cultural zeitgeist. Eight-year-olds rarely are.
For this post, I thought it would be fun to recreate the "basic face" outlined in the book, using the colors, finishes, and techniques it recommends, and holding myself to the arbitrary time constraint it dictates. "Makeup should never take more than five minutes tops! Fifteen, if you're going to a black tie dinner,"writes Crawford (or Kashuk, or the mysterious Boyes, who I suspect had the greatest hand in the text). Since Cindy Crawford's Basic Face is organized neatly into categories, I'll transcribe bits of each one, adapting them for the products I already own. There will also be a lipstick review at some point, I promise.
- "Less is always more. Less makeup is more attractive. Less can actually cover more. When applying any makeup, always begin with the least amount possible and add more only if you need to."
- "There are no rules. Forget preconceived notions about makeup."
- "Makeup is not cosmetic surgery. Don't try to seriously reshape your face with makeup. It almost always looks obvious. Even professional makeup artists hardly bother with contouring anymore." (Got that, Kardashiophiles?)
- "Blend, blend, blend. Consider this a makeup mantra. Blending is the secret to successful application, whether foundation and concealer or blush and eyeshadow. Seek and destroy all telltale edges."
Skin and Base Makeup:
- "Stick with yellow-based foundations. Even if your skin has pink in it, the yellow will help to neutralize it. Remember, color should come from blush and lips, not foundation."
- "Powder is major. More than makeup, it's a fundamental tool--and not just to buff noses. Powder blends. It protects. It sets makeup. It extends the life of a basic face. And, yes, it keeps shine in check. You need powder at every stage of the game, up to and including in your makeup bag."
- "If you live in a humid climate, don't fight Mother Nature. Go with the glow; you won't be able [to] sustain a matte finish for more than five minutes anyway."
These tips were the hardest for me to follow, since I don't own foundation or powder. The stereotype is true: people in the '90s were obsessed with powder. There were times when I thought I was reading an 18th-century wigmaking manual.
I'm also getting some mixed messages here. Don't try too hard to achieve a matte complexion, but always use powder, whose principal purpose is to mattify your skin. Don't add unnatural color to your complexion, but use yellow-based foundation even if you're cool-toned. I threw up my hands in frustration and stuck to my normal base-makeup routine: NARS Radiant Creamy Concealer in Vanilla for my undereye circles and CoverGirl concealer in Classic Ivory for spot concealing.
- "Nobody blushes in orange, carnation pink or eggplant, so avoid them. Think in terms of pink-browns, apricot-browns and red-browns...And don't forget that it's more important for blush to complement your skin than your lipstick."
- "Essentially, blush comes in one of two ways: CREAM or POWDER...Use your foundation finish to decide which way to go. A moist face should use a cream blush and a powdered face should use powder blush. To mix finishes (i.e. [sic!] a powdered blush on a moist face) is to invite splotches and unevenness. So remember, cream to cream, powder to powder."
- "Don't try to radically redefine your brow. If you have very thick, dark brows, don't go pencil thin. The upkeep will drive you crazy. (Going pencil thin is iffy anyway since brows could grow back with bald patches.)"
The book was published a few years before the sperm-brow trend took hold (though the black brows above are clearly tending that way), and almost two decades before the advent of the opaque sharp-cornered "Instagram brow," so its brow advice is blessedly even-handed. I filled in my brows with theBalm Sleek, then used Milani's clear brow gel to hold stray hairs in place. (I bought it just two days ago and am liking it so far! Review to come, eventually.)
- "Shadows are available in matte or shimmer finishes. Matte finishes offer a more natural look and therefore can be safer to work with."
- "The basic face should be foolproof. No step challenges this more than eyeshadow...I avoid colors and stick with neutral tones in the brown family. Why? Because it's hard to mess up neutrals. Even if it's not perfect, no one will be able to tell. And that's foolproof enough for me."
- "You may want to use your coloring as a guide. Redheads, for example, look great with brick-browns, while brunettes are flattered by mochas."
- "Always set finished eyes with powder."
I get it, Crawford: you like brown eyeshadow, and you really like powder. (Had eyeshadow primer been invented yet? These days we have so many effective base products that I doubt anyone uses powder in the innumerable ways this book recommends.) Not trusting myself to apply more than two eyeshadows in five minutes, I opted for an all-over wash of color. I don't own many matte eyeshadows, so I used Sophisticated, a cool-toned medium brown from theBalm's Nude 'tude palette. Sophisticated has a slight shimmer, but it reads as matte when applied lightly.
- "Take the time to make it look natural. For example, I do lots of thin coats, rather than one thick one."
- "Dust loose powder on lashes as a thickening agent between mascara coats. Just be careful that all powder is covered with the final coat."
- "Lip color is purely subjective--and don't let anyone tell you otherwise. If you think a color looks good, it probably does. The most flattering shades bear some resemblance to your natural lips--nudes, roses, berries and soft browns."
Shortly after buying Basic Face, I went in search of a brown lipstick of my own, ending up with Maybelline Crazy for Coffee. Since I haven't featured it on the blog, I'll do a mini-review: call this Lipstick Chronology #27. CFC is a medium reddish brown, less yellow-based than Cindy's. Like all of Maybelline's brown lipsticks, it comes in a transparent brown tube the color of a chocolate Tootsie Roll pop.
The color is pinker than coffee; I'd describe it as a rosewood, and it could well be an MLBB or even a nude for someone with darker skin than mine. You can always tell which lipsticks I've neglected, because they haven't been worn down into a pointe-shoe shape.
I've swatched it first alone, then between Revlon Lacquer Balm in Coy (left) and Revlon Lip Butter in Pink Truffle (right). Crazy for Coffee is redder than Coy, darker and browner than Pink Truffle, and more opaque than either. It also lacks the sparkle of Coy, but like all of Maybelline's Color Sensational lipsticks, it has a relatively shiny finish.
It's strange how much I love the formula of Maybelline's Color Sensational Vivid lipsticks, since the ordinary Color Sensational line has never impressed me. The Vivids have a shiny, moisturizing, almost jelly-like formula; the Color Sensationals range from satin to semi-matte and tend to dry out my lips. Crazy for Coffee doesn't last very long, either: just two hours, and I didn't eat more than a single cookie in that period.
With that out of the way, let's put together a basic face! Here are all the products I used (minus the brow gel, which I forgot to photograph):
Swatches of the color makeup, left to right: Sophisticated, Zygomatic, Crazy for Coffee. (Sometimes I want to play Mad Libs with makeup names.)
I laid out all my products and tools, including an eyeshadow brush by Sonia Kashuk herself, and got to work. The entire face took me six minutes, four of which were consumed with applying concealer and blending eyeshadow. This was the result:
I don't hate it, though I think Crazy for Coffee is too warm both for me and for my eyeshadow, and such a literal interpretation of a mid-'90s face can't help but look dated. I also tried to copy Cindy's open-mouthed expression on the back cover, but succeeded only in reminding myself why I'm an academic and not a supermodel.
I think I looked like this for the entirety of the talk I heard last week.
Some lessons I took away from this exercise:
- Nothing looks worse with a warm brown than a cool brown. This is why I never wear more than one brown product on my face at a time, damn it. I also think, contra Crawford, that brown makeup is very difficult to get right. Teal, for instance, looks predictably artificial on everyone, but brown can go corpsey or muddy in a way that a fluorescent color never will.
- I never want to see the color brown again. Thank goodness I'm putting together an Effie Trinket look in three days.
- It's impossible for me to achieve this book's "basic face" in five minutes. I can't imagine how long it would have taken if I'd also used powder to set my makeup, thicken my mascara, and blend colors together. Sorry, Cindy. One of us failed.
- Basic Face recommends "the new foundations or moisturizers with built-in SPF," which made me smile. It's strange to think that a product I take so much for granted has a very short history.
- The book goes to great and awkward lengths to establish that there are "no rules," but of course there are rules. The writers know that; they even admit it. "Guard against time warp," they warn. "The passage of time necessitates change. On the fashion front, it may be rethinking blue eyeshadow or black nail polish...Always re-evaluate what you're wearing and how you're wearing it." It's refreshing to see this sentiment put into words. I don't believe in blindly following trends, of course, but I also don't believe that "timeless makeup" really exists. Makeup and beauty are always rooted in a specific time; that's what makes them so fascinating. Most of us obey conventions that render our makeup legible to the people we see every day. We won't even be conscious of some of those conventions until decades have passed and we can isolate what went into a "2014 face." But by looking at a 1996 face, we can put together a sort of negative image. It all comes back to history for me--but you knew that.